A Deacon’s Eye for Writing

Deacons —  June 14, 2017

by Rev. Darryl W. Stephens

How might writing augment your ministry as a deacon, leading congregations in interpreting the needs, concerns, and hopes of the world (Discipline 2016, para. 328)?

Rev. Darryl Stephens

We live in a world awash with words. Facebook posts, Twitter feeds, the 24-hour news cycle, countless websites, and books on every topic imaginable—anyone with anything to say, it seems, can contribute to the cacophony. Why, then, would a deacon choose to write as an expression of ministry?

It is tempting to claim silence as a counter-cultural witness, to hide behind the words so often attributed to St. Francis, “Preach Jesus, and if necessary use words.” Cannot our actions be our witness?

Yet, many of the most powerful influences in our lives come through the written word. The Bible, that theologian you read in seminary who stretched your thinking, a love letter, or a thank you note—written words powerfully express ideas and feelings. Other people’s writings help us interpret our world and God, who created it. Your writing can do the same.

The written word is an exercise of leadership, helping others see what you see as you look upon the needs, concerns, and hopes of the world in light of God’s good future.

As deacons, we share a distinct perspective, seeing the world though what I have called a “deacon’s eye” for compassion and justice. You don’t have to be as eloquent as Annie Dillard (The Writing Life) or Barbara Brown Taylor (The Preaching Life) to make writing a part of your ministry. You just have to be intentional about using the written word to communicate what you see, hear, and experience in your ministry.

I offer four encouragements:

  • Writing is a spiritual discipline. Writing, like prayer and peacemaking, is a spiritual discipline. It requires intentionality and practice. There will be many distractions and impediments. Start small and grow from there. Daily writing time can include personal letters, substantive emails, blogs, newsletter articles, and more. As you write, consider how your perspective as a deacon shapes and is shaped by the words you write. I find that writing helps me better understand my own spiritual journey.
  • Writing is a form of witness. Proclamation is not just for the pulpit. Your words indicate what is important to you. As a deacon, when you write, you write not only on your own behalf but also on behalf of the church that authorizes your ministry. Writing can be a powerful, public proclamation of what motivates you in the ministry of Word, Service, Compassion, and Justice. When you write about your ministry, you can proclaim not only what you do but also why you do it. God will speak through your words. People will be inspired and challenged.
  • Writing is a tool for justice. Words perform. There is no neat distinction between words and actions. When you write, your words have effect. To motivate others for the work of justice, your words do not have to be profound, poetic, or overtly prophetic in their advocacy. Trust your call. Your deacon’s eye gives you a distinct perspective on the world around you, a viewpoint that is inherently suffused with justice. Sometimes, just drawing attention to an overlooked injustice can be enough to stir others to meaningful action.
  • Writing is an exercise of leadership. As a commissioned or ordained deacon, you have a role as a servant leader, both in your congregation and in your community. No matter your area of specialization, writing will enhance your ability to lead, connecting the church and world in ways that only God can fully anticipate or understand. The written word is an exercise of leadership, helping others see what you see as you look upon the needs, concerns, and hopes of the world in light of God’s good future.

Isn’t that worth sharing? Isn’t that worth writing about?

Darryl W. Stephens is a deacon of the Texas Annual Conference and author of many articles and books about the church and its ministry. His most recent book, Methodist Morals: Social Principles in the Public Church’s Witness (University of Tennessee Press, 2016), is accompanied by a six-session study guide. Read his commentary “Christian ethics in volatile times,” which exemplifies his use of the “deacon’s eye” in writing.

 

By Rev. Jessica Stonecypher

“The Lord God took the human and settled him in the garden of Eden to farm it and to take care of it.”—Genesis 2:15

I’m a farmer. Well, really, I’m more of a community organizer seeking to bring people together around the idea of farming.

Jessica Stonecypher

It’s an endeavor that I’ve been dreaming of for many years and I’m excited to be actively participating in a growing movement around local foods and urban agriculture in my community. When I discerned my call to environmental ministry, I knew it would be a struggle. There simply aren’t many who can wrap their brains around how or why an ordained minister would devote her life to such a vocation. But as I’ve grown into my role as a deacon, I’ve learned that I would be miserable without engaging in the work that drew me to set-apart ministry in the first place.

As a result, I landed a grant-funded gig with Muskingum Soil and Water Conservation District. I was hired to work primarily in the Putnam neighborhood of Zanesville, Ohio, to create community gardens in an effort to alleviate food insecurity.

Putnam has been deemed a “food desert” by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, meaning residents don’t easily have access to a grocery store. In addition to this injustice, the neighborhood also doesn’t have a laundromat or a pharmacy. It would be easy to conclude that the Putnam neighborhood has been neglected.

Even so, Putnam is a wonderful place. While it is deeply affected by poverty, food insecurity, and drug abuse, it is also a vibrant community where people are connected and most are striving to make it a better place. Non-profits, churches, businesses, and residents alike are working together to solve these problems. It’s simply amazing!

The place where I do much of my ministry is a local faith-based coffee shop called the Bridge Café. Yesterday, I stopped by to use the restroom and purchase an iced tea (it was a hot day in the garden). What happened during my visit provides a fitting snapshot of the ministry I madly love.

In just a few short minutes I encountered a group of fellow clergy meeting over lunch, two guests of my church’s homeless shelter, a local school administrator, a fellow community garden leader, and the owner of the coffee shop with whom I work closely on one of our garden projects. As a deacon, my love for the world and for my work in common places like gardens and coffee shops bring me the joy and energy I need to overcome the challenges of unconventional ministry.

I’ve learned that I would be miserable without engaging in the work that drew me to set apart ministry in the first place.

My work in connecting the church and the world is a tricky one that requires constant attention to what is appropriate for a clergy person who happens to work for the government. I am constantly thinking of new ways to go about it.

Some of this has been through preaching and teaching eco-theology as well as inviting parishioners into my work in the gardens. Just as exciting for me is the reality that living out my call to ministry is an act of affirmation and encouragement for lay members as they connect the church to the world in their own contexts. My hope is to offer others the freedom to think about ministry as a lifestyle rather than something one does only at church functions.

Community garden plots in the Putnam neighborhood.

Community garden plots in the Putnam neighborhood.

As I look to the future, I’ve been working hard to secure funding to continue my ministry after the grant period is complete in December 2017. This has required imagination and creativity about the future of my work. To date, my agency has applied for a United Way grant that would allow us to teach nutrition and gardening skills in Head Start classrooms and afterschool programs. We have also applied for a USDA Farm to School Grant in partnership with a local school district. Our largest grant application is through USA Today, which required the creation of a promotional video and a public voting period. We are now waiting to hear back about these grants in hopes that at least one of them will be awarded.

In the midst of all of the activity and hustle to make my ministry sustainable, I am learning the importance of relationships and trust in God. In a few short months I may be out of a job.

With that comes a great deal of anxiety. But it has also given me the opportunity to realize that God will not give up on me and most importantly God will not give up on the world. In return, I will not give up on my ministry as a deacon seeking to connect the church and the world around the issues of environmentalism and food justice.

Rev. Jessica Stonecypher, who will be ordained a deacon in full connection in the West Ohio Conference this spring, is Urban Agriculture Specialist at Muskingum Soil and Water Conservation District.

The 2016 Book of Discipline has just become available in print, in Kindle format, and a free online version. Now is the time to renew your acquaintance with some key passages.

If you are an ordained United Methodist clergyperson, you should be familiar with The Book of Discipline. Some parts of it may not be of direct relevance to you. However, there are sections you need to know well in order to advocate for your ministry and educate others about the diaconate.

Here’s your guide to reviewing the Discipline.

Paragraphs 301-304: Ordination

Like many deacons, you may be asked why you don’t become a real minister or why you have to be ordained to do your ministry, or are told that the order of elder is “above” the order of deacon, etc. You need to be able to explain to people (and this may include your district superintendent, Board of Ordained Ministry, and elders) the meaning of ordination in the United Methodist Church.

The Discipline section on the origins of the diaconate is limited, so I recommend you read up on the history of the diaconate. You should also read the ordination ordinal–particularly the vows and the theological and liturgical introduction–which does a fuller job of presenting our theology of ordination. Among other things, it points out that ordination is significantly about the relationship of the ordained to the church:

Ordination of elders and deacons is both to an office and, when the ordained are later elected into full membership, for a lifetime of service. Ordination confers a new role in the life of the church as well as authority for leadership in specific forms of ministry. The new role of the ordained in the life of the church is claimed in relation to Christ and his call to leadership and service among the baptized for the life of the world. The authority given is exercised in stewardship of the mysteries of the gospel and of the church’s mission in the world. Ordination itself is ultimately the work of the Holy Spirit. . . . Upon ordination, ordained elders and deacons become accountable to the whole church, to the community of the ordained, and to the order of elders or deacons of which they are a part. [Services for the Ordering of Ministry in The United Methodist Church, 2017-2020, as Revised by Action of the 2016 General Conference (The United Methodist Publishing House, 2016), p. 7; emphasis added]

As you read, identify key words and phrases that define ordination. That will help you in your interpretative work.

Paragraphs 305-309: Clergy Orders

In the United Methodist Church, clergy orders are not just categories, but also covenant communities. Read these paragraphs to learn how you DeaconDiscipline2.best.smare accountable to your order and what your order could be doing to support the ministries of its members.

Paragraphs 310-314: Candidacy

Are you a certified candidate, or pursuing candidacy, for ordination? Are you a candidacy mentor? Read these paragraphs to better understand the process. Do not passively wait for someone to define it for you. They may be mistaken. And you may have to advocate for due process for yourself or the candidate you are mentoring.

Paragraphs 324-327, 330: Education and Provisional Membership

If you are in process toward ordination or are a clergy mentor, read these paragraphs to understand the educational requirements for ordination.

If you are a provisional member, read these paragraphs so you understand the process, how you may be appointed, voting rights, and ordination requirements. Again, do not passively wait for someone to define this for you. They may be mistaken. And you may have to advocate for due process for yourself or for a provisional member you are mentoring.

Paragraphs 328-329: Deacon Ministry, Authority, and Responsibilities

These paragraphs spell out our roles of clergy leadership in church and community as well as voting rights. While elders order the life of the congregation and church, deacons lead the faithful to live out their baptismal vows in their communities, workplaces, etc.

Note that the process for requesting the responsibility to preside at communion or baptism has changed a bit (see paragraph 328). The bishop in the area where the deacon is appointed is responsible for deciding on a deacon’s request for such responsibility. (Note that presiding is a responsibility and not “a right” or “authority.”)

Paragraph 331: Appointment Settings, Pay, Benefits

Read through this paragraph so you are clear about where and how deacons serve in primary or secondary appointments, in congregations or beyond the local church. You’ll find here:

  • Places of appointment
  • Requesting appointment
  • “Secondary” appointments
  • Initiating a ministry
  • Pay and benefits
  • Charge conference membership
  • Process for termination from a church appointment

Paragraph 349: Evaluation Process

General Conference 2016 approved a new evaluation process for clergy. It’s rather detailed so it is worth reading paragraph 349 in its entirety. Your annual conference has three years to develop and initiate a plan, so it may not begin until Jan. 2, 2020. You will want to know, however, what lies ahead.

Paragraph 350: Continuing Education

You have rights and responsibilities to take spiritual growth leaves. Learn how to request and account for fulfilling these opportunities.

Paragraphs 351-356: Leaves

There are a number of voluntary and involuntary leaves. Before you request one, find out what they entail and ask for the one you need. General Conference 2016 limited Transitional Leave to just one year. If you are between appointments, you may want to request a Personal Leave (paragraph 353.2a) instead.

Paragraph 356: Retirement

If you are approaching retirement, read this paragraph to learn when and how to ask for this relationship with the conference.

Paragraph 359: “Ineffectiveness” Remediation

If a bishop believes you are ineffective in your ministry, the bishop is required to follow a process to identify what she or he sees as your shortcomings and develop with you a plan for improvement. Know the process so you can fully understand the steps and make sure they are not overlooked.

Paragraphs 361-362: Complaint Procedures

There is a fair process for discontinuance of provisional membership, involuntary leaves or retirements, and administrative location (paragraph 359–see above). Likewise, there is one for complaints that a clergyperson has violated the sacred trust of the people. Even if you do not anticipate facing any of these situations, it is still worth the time to read through paragraphs. You may one day be on the Board of Ordained Ministry, or find yourself counseling a colleague. Again, know the process so you can advocate for your or others’ rights.

The Social Principles (Part V)

Given that the deacon’s ministry is one of compassion and justice, the Social Principles are among our key resources. It is worth reviewing these to refresh your memory as well as noting if there have been changes since you last read them. Many claims are made about what the Social Principles say; know how to check the facts.

Carve out a couple of hours to read these paragraphs. (It probably won’t take even that long.) Don’t be in the vulnerable position of asking others what The Discipline says and risk being told something inaccurate. And by knowing the Discipline, you will be a helpful guide for others as well.

Caring for the strangers among us

Deacons —  January 17, 2017

By Rev. Stanislav Prokhorov

Stanislav Prokhorov

Stanislav Prokhorov

Samara (Russia) United Methodist Church has opened its doors to the many refugees who have come to that town seeking new lives. Deacon Stanislav Prokhorov has helped that church in its ministries to those sojourners, helping them navigate the city and government systems, find apartments, pay rent and obtain food, and receive the warmth of a caring community. Under Deacon Stanislav’s leadership, this ministry received a 2015 Emerging Ministry Grant from General Board of Higher Education and MinistryStanislav offers these reflections on this vital ministry to the community.

It is difficult to name a single challenge that the Russian church is facing. To my mind, life in Russia in general is one big challenge with constantly changing factors. The limited work of social care institutions

A child tries on new clothing that Samara United Methodist Church helped her family to obtain.

A child tries on new clothing that Samara United Methodist Church helped her family to obtain.

leaves much room for action. We can’t say that we live in the Middle Ages, not by any means. However, the institutions do not fulfil their duties. There are few NGOs, volunteers or churches who work in the spheres neglected.

There is a wide range of activities a church can engage in. For instance, they can reach out to the homeless, drug addicts and alcoholics,

disabled people, single mothers, orphanages, refugees, etc. The former Soviet republics face various social conflicts and there are many people around us who are refugees or immigrants. We also must mention the conflicts in the Eastern Ukraine, immigrants from Central Asia, and victims of real estate fraud—the many who look for help outside of their countries of birth.

One year ago, thanks to the Emerging Ministries Grant from the United Methodist General Board of Higher Education and Ministry, our church has received support to serve people who are aliens in our land, to use the biblical term.

John Wesley spoke about social holiness in action. We see it as a challenge to act, leave the comfort of our churches and help those who are in need. We may not be able to change the whole world, but we can help real people and make their lives far from home a little bit better.

Rev. Stanislav Prokhorov is a deacon at Samara United Methodist Church, Samara, Russia. Learn more about this ministry here

 

by Victoria Rebeck

This year (2016), The United Methodist Church is celebrating the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the full-member clergy deacon.

But’s it’s not just a 20th anniversary. It’s really more like a 2000th anniversary.

In 1996, The United Methodist Church joined an ecumenical movement by clarifying that it has two distinct orders of ordained ministry: deacon and elder. You might think of deacons as diaconal ministers who transitioned into ordained ministry. However, the diaconal minister and the deacon are different. When the UMC determined to have two orders of clergy—deacons and elders—it recovered the ancient diaconate.

New Testament through Fourth Century

The diaconate goes back to the New Testament. The two offices in the church were bishop (overseer/pastor) and deacon (server/emissary), who worked closely together (see Phil. 1:1, Rom. 16:1, 1 Tim. 3:8-13). Women and men made up the diaconate.

From the first to the end of the fourth century, the diaconate grew and was very active. Historians refer to this as the “Golden Age of the Diaconate.”

  • Number of deacons increased significantly
  • Importance enhanced
  • Functions more clearly delineated
  • Ignatius describes the bishop in terms similar to today’s parish pastor. The presbyters were a council who worked with and advised the bishop in congregational governance. Deacons assisted the church in fulfilling its ministry and at times assisted its leading officer.

Toward the end of this period, deacons could administer communion or baptize in grave or urgent circumstances.

As happens throughout church history, the church became enamored of secular forms of organization and order. In the late fourth century (post-Nicene) era, the church started to restructure similar to Roman government. Bishops became regional. Presbyters became priests. Deacon became a stepping stone “up” to presbyter and then “up” to bishop; it was an apprenticeship to the “higher” role of priest. Deacons no longer formed the bishop’s personal staff as they had up to this point. (Church hierarchy succession became doorkeeper, lector, exorcist, acolyte, subdeacon, deacon, presbyter, and bishop.) The role of archdeacon started to appear; the archdeacon performed fiscal, judicial, legal, and charitable work.

United Methodist elders who were ordained deacon first are thus part of the “medieval” diaconate.

Revival: 16th through 18th centuries

Despite this reduction of the diaconate to the role of junior priest, church leaders and reformers saw in the ancient diaconate such an important ministry that they promoted its renewal.

Some recovery of the early diaconate was proposed during the Reformation. Martin Luther urged returning deacons to what he thought was the biblical function–caring for the poor. John Calvin saw deacons as “ministers of the word” who administer the finances of the church and gather and distribute alms. John Wesley organized some women into “deaconess” roles of ministry among the poor and the sick.

The diaconate experienced a significant revival in Victorian times, particularly in Europe and to some extent, the United States. Victorian era diaconia took the form of lay orders of people in servant ministry—mostly women in deaconess orders, though there were some male communities of deacons as well. It coincides with the social worker-movement and Jane Addams’s settlement house movement. Many of these lay diaconal communities remain active in ministry to this day. The Methodist Episcopal Church participated in this movement in 1888 when it approved the creation of a deaconess office. This branch continues via United Methodist Women’s lay order of deaconesses and home missioners.

20th Century Recovery

The World Council of Church’s Baptism, Eucharist, and Ministry document (1982) noted a movement in many churches to “restore the diaconate as an ordained ministry with its own dignity and meant to be exercised for life. . . . By struggling in Christ’s name with the myriad needs of societies and persons, deacons exemplify the interdependence of worship and service in the church’s life.”

Episcopal Church established a permanent diaconate in 1950s, for people who would retain their secular vocations. Vatican II also established a permanent clergy diaconate in the Catholic Church (just for men). These days some are providing pastoral care in Catholic churches where there is not a priest available or assigned. The Methodist Church in Britain established a full member order of deacons in 1993.

The United Methodist Church followed suit in 1996 by establishing two orders of clergy in full membership: elders and deacons, and direct ordination to both. That General Conference also spelled out in the Discipline more explicit expectations of an order, as a Wesleyan community of support and accountability.

This diaconate recovers the ancient/New Testament meaning of the term deacon. While lay diaconal ministers could pursue ordination as deacons, the transition was not automatic.

Diaconal ministers are trained lay people doing important ministries of compassion and justice. Many had served in the office of lay worker as specialized leaders of education, youth work, children’s ministry, music ministry, and others.

In contrast, deacons, as ordained clergy, take ordination vows. The vows are virtually identical to those taken by elders, other than each promises to participate in their respective order. Just before the vows, the distinct ministries of each order of ministry is delineated. The Holy Spirit is invited to pour through the ordinands, to empower them to keep their baptismal and ordination vows and live out the ministry of their order.

It is the taking of ordination vows that sets ordained clergy apart amidst the baptized. Ordained ministry in the United Methodist Church is described by The Book of Discipline as representative. The role of clergy in the United Methodist Church is to enable and support, not assume by proxy, the ministry of the baptized.

The ordinal and the Discipline are clear about these aspects of the ordination and deacons:

  • The diaconate is a lifetime ministry of service and is not a stepping-stone to elder’s orders.
  • The United Methodist understanding of ordination returns to the early church practice in which baptism was the only sacramental prerequisite for ordination.
  • Deacons have worship leadership, congregational leadership, and community leadership responsibilities.
  • As clergy members of a conference and of an order rather than a congregation, deacons and elders have leadership responsibilities and accountability across the connection.
  • The ordinal expresses the equality, connectedness, and distinctiveness of our historic orders and ministries.

The deacon’s ministry is not the justice and advocacy ministry that she does as a baptized Christian. It is the leadership and training she provides to baptized Christians to live out their baptismal vows in the world. It is also a prophetic leadership of the church across the connection—not just in a local setting—that calls the church to the Godly requirements of loving mercy, doing justly, and walking humbly with God.

That’s the ancient diaconate recovered. Those of us who are deacons in full membership are part of the ancient/New Testament diaconate.

It was the wisdom of the early church that we needed leaders to oversee the life of the faith community and leaders to lead the faith community into the world in ministry.

The Diaconate and the United Methodist Mission

Research by Thom Rainer, president of Lifeway Christian Resources, found that “the most common factor in declining churches is an inward focus.” Churches that have an inward focus don’t do much to reach neighbors. Church meetings become arguments about personal preferences. The past is the hero. Culture is seen as the enemy instead of a medium to share God’s love.

The leader who has particular responsibility to help the church focus outside of the church is the deacon.

One way to look at this is to recall the Great Commandment: Love God and love your neighbor.

When Wesley said that “there is no religion but social religion,” he was saying that we do not fully follow God if we try to do so by ourselves. Following God is a group activity and entails group support and accountability. That is why we need the church: to be the gathered community that helps us worship God as a community, clarify our beliefs, hold each other accountable. Ordering that community of faith largely lies in the order of elders, as do the roles of ordering the wider church (district superintendent and bishop). That’s leading the commandment of loving God.

Jesus did not stop there. He said in the same breath that we are to love our neighbors as ourselves. Our gathering as a faith community also should be preparing us to leave the church walls to share God’s love with those we meet, particularly people who are neglected, ignored, disparaged, oppressed. Preparing and leading the faithful into ministry in the neighborhood and largely lies in the order of deacons. That’s leading the commandment of loving neighbor.

The early church was right. We need both kinds of leadership.

Of course, there is overlap in these areas. The lines are NOT drawn in indelible ink. We lead where needed. These overlap with the ministries of the laity as well.

At the same time, when there is clarity of responsibility, it is more likely that those responsibilities will be met.

Just as these two focuses of ministry are intertwined, these two kinds of leadership must be closely collaborative in order for the church to love God and neighbor to the fullness of its ability.

We have an opportunity to bring renewal to the church by exemplifying the collaborative ministry of elder and deacon. Instead of buying into the hierarchical view of ministry, we have the opportunity to adopt Jesus’ teaching that all ministry is humble service. Deacons and elders in partnership can give birth to a renewed expression of a worldwide church that does justly, loves mercy, and walks humbly with God.

Resources

The Diaconate: A Full and Equal Order, by James Barnett. Trinity Press International, 1995

 “The Office of Deacon: A Historical Summary,” by Charles Yrigoyen Jr. Quarterly Review, Winter 1999 (General Board of Higher Education and Ministry)

“Deacons as Emissary-Servants: A Liturgical Theology,” by Benjamin L. Hartley. Quarterly Review, Winter 1999 (General Board of Higher Education and Ministry)

“Ordination, Pneumatology and Ontology, Part 3: Ordination and Sacramental Authority,” by Rev. Dr. Taylor Burton Edwards. United Methodist Worship blog.

“The Most Common Factor in Declining Churches,” By Thom S. Rainer. Lifeway/Pastors blog,

By Rev. Beth Galbreath

I’m happy to share this liturgy, written in concrete terms for children but in the traditional United Methodist format of the Great Thanksgiving. I am passionate about celebrating sacraments fully, joyfully, richly—and often. I don’t believe that shortening or dumbing down the ritual is necessary, even when Communion is celebrated weekly. The key is to use the official and traditional format with legitimate versions that connect that day’s liturgy with the theme and scripture of that week’s worship service.

The Story and the Feast

This liturgy for children is part of my digital resource of Communion liturgy connected to all three years of the Revised Common Lectionary texts, “The Story and the Feast.” “The Story and the Feast” is not the only RCL-based liturgy resource available, but it is unique in being a digital resource and story focused. But non-lectionary churches can use it, too! It’s a simple matter to look up the right entry using the online Scripture index at The Text This Week.

Each week’s entry provides a confession and declaration of pardon and a Great Thanksgiving. There are multiple offerings where

Rev. Beth Galbreath

Rev. Beth Galbreath

the lectionary has multiple story suggestions, and extra liturgies for special days of Lent—Holy Week, Christmas Eve, etc.

The Great Thanksgivings are shaped in the official ancient-future Trinitarian format, and can be used with your own preferred wording or music for congregational responses. Slides (Microsoft PowerPoint 2007 format) that can be copied and pasted into your own presentation software are also included for every liturgy, along with text documents that can be copied into your bulletin document (in both Microsoft Word 2007 and Adobe Acrobat formats) or into slides in your own format. No retyping necessary!

And, of course, it includes notes for the Biblical Storytelling team as they prepare to tell the texts! The resource comes on three CDs, for year A, B, and C of the lectionary. If you’re interested in the full resource, please email me for more information.

Now, your “free sample”! Continue Reading…

by Victoria Rebeck

In an earlier post I listed most of the significant legislation related to deacons facing the delegates of the 2016 United Methodist General Conference. Following are the delegates’ decisions about them.

The adopted items are listed first, in order of anticipated reader interest.

This is not an authoritative report. The authoritative disposition of legislation can be tracked here.

Paragraph 328

Petition 60489, from the Study of Ministry Commission

ADOPTED AS AMENDED IN COMMITTEE

This permits deacons to preside at the celebration of the sacraments (baptism and Holy Communion) where “contextually appropriate and duly authorized.” It removes “a pastor-in-charge or district superintendent” from the request process. Like all legislation (unless otherwise noted), this goes into effect on Jan. 1, 2017.

Anticipated new wording (pending final version in printed 2016 Book of Discipline):

¶ 328. The Ministry of a Deacon—From among the baptized, deacons are called by God to a lifetime of servant leadership, authorized by the Church, and ordained by a bishop. From the earliest days of the church, deacons were called and set apart for the ministry of love, justice, and service and for connecting the church with the most needy, neglected, and marginalized among the children of God. This ministry grows out of the Wesleyan passion for social holiness and ministry among the poor. It is the deacons, in both person and function, whose distinctive ministry is to embody, articulate, and lead the whole people of God in its servant ministry. Deacons fulfill servant ministry in the world and lead the Church in relating the gathered life of Christians to their ministries in the world, interrelating worship in the gathered community with service to God in the world. Deacons give leadership in the Church’s life: in teaching and proclaiming the Word; in contributing to worship, in assisting the elders in administering the sacraments of baptism and  Holy Communion, or in presiding at the celebration of the sacraments when contextually appropriate and duly authorized; in forming and nurturing disciples; in conducting marriages and burying the dead; in embodying the church’s mission to the world; and in leading congregations in interpreting the needs, concerns, and hopes of the world. For the sake of extending the mission and ministry of the Church and offering the means of grace to the world, the resident bishop of the annual conference in which the deacon is appointed may authorize the deacon to preside at the celebration of the sacraments. Presiding at the celebration of the sacraments involves taking responsibility to lead the gathered community in celebrating baptism and Holy Communion. As members of the Order of Deacon, all deacons are in covenant with all other deacons in the annual conference and shall participate in the life of their order.

These related petitions were rejected in favor of 60489: Petition 60636, West Ohio Order of Deacons (4 other similar); Petition 60637, from G. Williams, W.Va.; and Petition 60638, from Rocky Mountain Order of Deacons.

Paragraph 350

Petition 60493, Study of Ministry Commission

ADOPTED

This requires clergy who serve congregations to engage with the district superintendent in a process of annual evaluation. Deacons appointed beyond the local church would have an annual conversation with their district superintendent about their ministry. Some of the details:

  • Personal and professional assessment would take place every eight years.
  • The process would take 6 months to complete.
  • The Cabinet, Board of Ordained Ministry, and order and fellowship chairs would design and implement the process.
  • The process would include a formal review and a renewal opportunity, like a retreat or coaching or mentoring sessions.
  • The formal review would include a self-evaluation and metrics appropriate to the appointment setting.
  • Conferences would have until Jan. 1, 2020, to develop a plan for this process.

Paragraph 354.2-3

Petition 60377, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

ADOPTED

This limits Transitional Leave to just one year and makes it non-renewable, unlike other voluntary leaves.

Paragraph 351.1-6

Petition 60494, from the Study of Ministry Commission

ADOPTED

This requires each annual conference, through the orders and fellowship, to provide spiritual enrichment opportunities and covenant groups for deacons, elders, and local pastors. Clergy are now required (as of Jan. 1, 2017) to take continuing education and spiritual growth leave at least one week each year and at least one month during one year of every quadrennium.

Paragraph 330

Petition 60366, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

ADOPTED

Deacons will need the three-quarter majority vote of clergy session to be approved for full membership. (Elders will need the same.)

Paragraph 330.3

Petition 60365, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

ADOPTED

This clarifies that all Basic Graduate Theological Studies courses must be completed before ordination.

Paragraph 330.4

Petition 60367, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

ADOPTED

This reorders the list of requirements for ordination so it is consistent with para. 335 (requirements for elder’s ordination).

Paragraph 330.5(a)(5)

Petition 60368, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

ADOPTED

This removed a question in this part of the paragraph that was redundant with the question in para. 330.5(a)(f).

Paragraph 330.7

Petition 60232, from the Council of Bishops’ Office of Christian Unity & Interreligious Relationships

ADOPTED

This removed the phrase “bishops in other communions” and replace that with “judicatory leaders from full-communion partners and other communions” in the list of those who participate in the ordination of deacons.

Paragraph 324.9 K

Petition 60363, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

ADOPTED

In addition to answering “How do you perceive yourself, your gifts, your motives, your role and your commitment as a provisional deacon or provisional elder in the United Methodist Church?,” candidates for either ordination will need to demonstrate to the Board of Ordained Ministry their understanding of both deacons’ and elders’ ministry focuses.

Paragraph 305

Petition 60484, from the Study of Ministry Commission.

ADOPTED

This proposal adjusts some of the wording related to the ministry of the deacon and the ministry of the elder. Changes are not profoundly substantive and would not change the ways in which deacons minister or are appointed.

Paragraph 331.1

Petition 60653, from Rebekah Miles

ADOPTED

This clarifies that deacons may be appointed to attend school in research doctoral programs or as instructors, professors, or administrators in UMC-related colleges, universities, and schools of theology.

Paragraph 331.4

Petition 60369 and 60373, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

ADOPTED

These moved the section about deacons’ being eligible for endorsement by the UM Endorsing Agency from the elder’s appointments section to the appropriate deacon’s appointments section.

Paragraph 324

Petition 60507, from the Study of Ministry Commission

NOT SUPPORTED

This proposal would have moved ordination to the time of election to provisional membership rather than the time of election to full membership. Because this proposal was not accepted, the process toward ordination and clergy membership remains the same as in the 2012 Book of Discipline.

Paragraph 324.5

Petition 60716, from J. Miles, Arkansas

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

Would have removed the age 35 minimum from the education option that allows candidates for deacon’s orders to take the Basic Graduate Theological Studies courses plus earn certification, but not complete any kind of master’s degree.

Paragraph 326

Petition 60188, from the Alabama-West Florida Conference

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

This would have removed the two-year-minimum service requirement for provisional member deacons or elders.

Paragraph 328

Petition 60508, from the Study of Ministry Commission

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

This would have removed “In Full Connection” from the headline. It was related to the commission’s proposal (petition 60507, not approved) that ordination take place at the time of election to provisional membership.

Paragraph 329.3

Petition 60497, from the Study of Ministry Commission

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

Would clarify the membership rights for ordained deacons in provisional membership. This was related to the commission’s proposal (petition 60507, not approved) that ordination take place at the time of election to provisional membership.

Paragraph 330

Petition 60189, from Alabama-West Florida Conference

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

This would have eliminated the minimum two-year service requirement in provisional membership, allowed conference Boards of Ordained Ministry to approve the colleges from which a deacon candidate could earn a bachelor’s degree, and removed the expectation that a deacon would have any graduate-level education.

Paragraph 331

Petition 60498, from the Study of Ministry Commission

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

This related to the committee’s proposal that ordination take place at about the time of election to provisional membership (petition 60507, not approved).

Paragraph 331.4d

Petition 60190, from Alabama-West Florida Conference

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

This would have slightly changed the description of how the General Board of Higher Education and Ministry may assist Boards of Ordained Ministry and cabinets in validating whether a proposed setting beyond the local church is appropriate for a deacon appointment.

Paragraph 351.3

Petition 60720, from Nelson-Clarke Dice, N.J.

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

Proposes that every year, at least one clergy person in each district be granted a “formational and spiritual growth leave of up to one year.”

Paragraph 357

Petition 60656, from Laura J. Barlett, Ore.

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

This would have required that clergy on medical leave identify a charge conference relationship.

Paragraph 358.6

Petition 60502, from the Study of Ministry Commission

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

This would have clarified that a deacon or elder could receive an appointment in retirement, when so requested by the bishop or cabinet.

Paragraph 363.1

Petition 60803, from John Lomperis

NOT CONSIDERED (due to time limitations)

This would have instituted a specific complaint process and penalties for clergy who officiate a same-sex marriage ceremony (one year suspension for first time found guilty; removal of credentials for second time).

Paragraph 363.1c

Petition 60804, from Bethlehem UMC Social Action Committee

NO PLENARY VOTE (due to time limitations)

The legislative committee amended the original petition, but time ran out before the plenary could address it. The original would have instituted a specific complaint process and penalties for clergy who officiate a same-sex marriage ceremony.

 

Victoria Rebeck is director of deacon ministry development, provisional membership, and certification programs for the United Methodist General Board of Higher Education and Ministry. This blog post represents her understanding of the topics mentioned therein and does not represent the opinions of the General Board of Higher Education and Ministry.

 

This event has reached capacity. We regret we cannot take more reservations.

The following information is for those who have made reservations.

Date: May 10, 2016

Location: Grace Memorial Episcopal Church, 1535 NE 17th Ave., Portland, Ore.

Schedule

6:30 p.m.: General Conference plenary is scheduled to adjourn for the evening.

6:45 p.m.: We will meet at the General Board of Higher Education and Ministry display booth in the exhibit area. Please make your way to the booth as soon as session adjourns. We will make adjustments if session adjourns late.

Once we believe most have gathered at the booth, we will break up into groups that will be guided by Oregon-Idaho Conference deacons.

We will move by groups to public transportation to Grace Memorial Episcopal Church, 1535 NE 17th Ave, Portland. Some groups will move by bus (smaller groups, less walking). Some will take the Max train (seven blocks of walking at the end; ease of train travel.) Choose your route/group based on your interest in walking.

7:30 p.m.: We hope to all have arrived at Grace Memorial and will start dinner soon thereafter.

Return travel

Since everyone will be returning to various hotels, please make your plans for public transportation or taxi to your hotel. You may meet someone at the dinner who is going to your hotel and you could plan to travel together. We will try to facilitate those connections at the dinner.

We recommend downloading this app for ticket purchases and trip planning: TriMet Tickets, by TriMet.

Directions

Directions to Grace Memorial Episcopal Church from the Oregon Convention Center
Grace Memorial Episcopal, 1535 NE 17th Ave
For those driving, the church has a large parking lot.

Option A: Max train plus an approximately 7 block walk
Exit convention center and catch either the Blue, Green or Red line trains East at the corner of MLK and Holladay
Travel 2 stops to Lloyd Center/11th Ave
Exit train and walk left towards Multnomah Ave (one can walk through Holladay park)
Turn right on Multnomah and walk 2 blocks.
Turn left on 15th Ave
Turn right on Wiedler
Church is at the corner of 16th and Wiedler. Enter fellowship hall through entrance off of parking lot.

Option B: Bus 77
Exit Convention Center and walk to the corner of NE Multnomah & 2nd
Board bus 77/Halsey to Troutdale
Exit Bus at NE Wiedler & 17th
Church is on this corner. Enter fellowship hall through entrance in parking lot off of 16th.
Trip should take about 10 minutes.

Option C: Bus 8
Exit Convention center and walk to the corner of NE Mulnomah & 2nd
Board bus 8 Jackson Park/NE 15th
Exit Bus at NE 15th and Halsey
Walk along 15th North towards Wiedler.
Turn right on Wiedler. Church is on the corner of 16th & Wiedler
Enter fellowship hall through entrance in parking lot off of 16th.

Phone numbers

In case you get separated from the pack:
Rev. Jeff Lowery (chair of the order; knows the area): 541-654-1878
Rev. Victoria Rebeck (does NOT know the area, call if you have to cancel): 612-327-0187

If you like to look at these things on a map

Oregon Convention Center: 777 NE Martin Luther King Jr Blvd, Portland
Grace Memorial Episcopal Church: 1535 NE 17th Ave, Portland

By Rev. William Weisser

I was asked by the North Carolina Conference deacons to write a hymn for our conference’s celebration of the 20th anniversary of the order of deacon in the United Methodist Church.

Rev. Dr. William Weisser

Rev. Dr. William Weisser

I first asked if there were any texts they wanted to use, for which I would just compose the music. However, there were really no texts that seemed appropriate . . . so I decided to pen my own text. I worked with the idea of the call of the deacon and tried to used language that seems to evolve thoughts of the call and role of the deacon in the United Methodist tradition.

The texts looks at the many areas in which deacons live out in their ministries. We decided to add the last, alternative stanza to honor ALL people in ministry–really, the idea of the priesthood of all believers.

I then composed the music. I originally wanted to have a refrain, but decided it was better to have separate stanzas. I even thought of combining stanzas to make a longer hymn, but it seemed that each stanza stood on its own merit.

I hope this new hymn can be of use to the deacons across the world (or perhaps become an entry into a new hymnal for the denomination!).

Rev. Dr. William J. Weisser was for over 35 years minister of music at Edenton Street United Methodist Church in downtown Raleigh, N.C. He has served as national president of the Fellowship of United Methodists in Music and Worship Arts in the early 1990s and as its interim executive director. On the conference level he served as president of his conference’s chapter of FUMMWA, on his conference Board of Ordained Ministry, and as chair of the Board of Worship for the annual conference. Since retirement in 2011, he has worked as an interim to help churches in the process of finding music leaders.

Download a copy of the hymn: OGodofAllCreationHymn. Be sure to retain the copyright line when printing or projecting or in public performance of this hymn.

by Victoria Rebeck

Facing the delegates of United Methodist General Conference 2016, meeting May 10-20 in Portland, Ore., are a few legislation proposals that could affect deacons. Most significant is the proposal from the Study of Ministry Commission that ordination take place earlier: at the time of election to provisional membership rather than at the time of election to full membership.

A few groups and individuals have submitted proposals related to the conditions in which a deacon might preside over the sacraments. I’ve grouped these together at the end, to make comparison easier.

It’s worth reading the Study on Ministry Commission report, to learn the reasons and commitments that inform their proposals.

You can read all of the legislative proposals related to clergy (including those below) in the Ministry and Higher Education Legislative Committee section of the Advanced Edition of the Daily Christian Advocate, Volume 2, Section 2, pp. 1078ff.

Following is an overview of legislative proposals that could affect deacons or those aspiring to be ordained deacons. (Arguably, other proposals could also affect deacons, to a lesser degree. I leave that discernment to the reader of all of the thousands of legislative proposals facing General Conference delegates.)

This is just an overview; readers are urged to read the petitions in their entirety and in their contexts to consider the nuances.

Paragraph 305

Petition 60484, from the Study of Ministry Commission

This proposal would adjusts some of the wording related to the ministry of the deacon and the ministry of the elder. Changes are not profoundly substantive and would not change the ways in which deacons minister or are appointed.

Paragraph 324

Petition 60507, from the Study of Ministry Commission

Perhaps part of the most significant legislative proposals that could affect all who are pursuing ordination, this proposal would move ordination to the time of election to provisional membership rather than the time of election to full membership. This would apply to candidates requesting ordination as a deacon or an elder. Election to full membership would take place after a two-year minimum appointed service period. This is foundational to several of Study of Ministry’s legislative proposals.

Paragraph 324.5

Petition 60716, from J. Miles, Arkansas

Would remove the age 35 minimum from the education option that allows candidates for deacon’s orders to take the Basic Graduate Theological Studies courses plus earn certification, but not complete any kind of master’s degree. It retains the phrase “in some instances,” but removes the definition of it (which currently is the minimum of age 35). This proposal relates to the level of education expected of ordained clergy.

Petition 60507, Study of Ministry Commission

This lengthy petition that reshapes the ordination process would also remove the age 35 minimum in the option that would allow a deacon candidate to forego a master’s degree.

Paragraph 326

Petition 60188, from the Alabama-West Florida Conference

Would remove the two-year-minimum service requirement for provisional member deacons or elders. The provisional member would need to complete the conference’s residency program.

Paragraph 328

Petition 60508, from the Study of Ministry Commission

This would remove “In Full Connection” from the headline. This accompanies their proposal that ordination take place at about the time of election to provisional membership.

Paragraph 329.3

Petition 60497, from the Study of Ministry Commission

Would clarify the membership rights for ordained deacons in provisional membership. This is part of the committee’s broader proposal that ordination will take place at about the time of election to provisional membership.

Paragraph 324.9 K

Petition 60363, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

Would require candidates for deacon or elder ordination to explain their understanding of the distinctive vocations of the order of elder and the order of deacon as well as answer, “How do you perceive yourself, your gifts, your motives, your role and your commitment as a provisional deacon or provisional elder in the United Methodist Church?” This would require candidates for either ordination to be able to describe the ministry focuses that are distinct to elders and deacons.

Paragraph 330

Petition 60189, from Alabama-West Florida Conference

Would eliminate the minimum two-year service requirement in provisional membership. It would allow conference Boards of Ordained Ministry to approve the colleges from which a deacon candidate could earn a bachelor’s degree. It would further remove the expectation that a deacon would have a master’s degree or even any graduate-level education.

Paragraph 330

Petition 60366, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

Would require three-fourths majority vote at clergy session for deacons to be approved for full membership. It is consistent with other GBHEM proposals that all clergy session affirmative votes require three-quarters majority (for consistency and clarity).

Paragraph 330.3

Petition 60365, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

Would clarify that all Basic Graduate Theological Studies courses must be completed before ordination.

Paragraph 33.04

Petition 60367, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

Would re-order the list of requirements for ordination so it is consistent with para. 335 (requirements for elder’s ordination) and clarify that “the candidate’s reflections and the board’s response” refers not just to the “making disciples for the transformation of the world” project but to all of the requirements in the list.

Paragraph 330.5(a)(5)

Petition 60638, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

The question in this part of the paragraph is redundant with the question in para. 330.5(a)(f). It asks how one’s experience in ministry has affected one’s understanding of the meaning and significance of the sacraments. This proposal would remove the repetition of the question.

Paragraph 330.7

Petition 60232, from the Council of Bishops’ Office of Christian Unity & Interreligious Relationships

Would remove the phrase “bishops in other communions” and replace that with “judicatory leaders from full-communion partners and other communions” in the list of those who participate in the ordination of deacons.

Paragraph 331

Petition 60498, from the Study of Ministry Commission

This is part of the committee’s proposal that ordination will take place at about the time of election to provisional membership. This would, in the description of where deacons can be appointed, remove “and provisional deacons.” If their broader proposal passes, all deacons and elders, whether in provisional or full membership, will be ordained. Thus this phrase would be unnecessary.

Paragraph 331.1

Petition 60653, from Rebekah Miles

This would clarify that deacons could be appointed to attend school in research doctoral programs or as instructors, professors, or administrators in UMC-related colleges, universities, and schools of theology.

Paragraph 331.4

Petition 60369, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

This would move the section about deacons’ being eligible for endorsement by the UM Endorsing Agency from the elder’s appointments section to the appropriate deacon’s appointments section.

Paragraph 337.3

Petition 60373, from the General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

This is the companion legislation to 60369 (above).

Paragraph 331.4d

Petition 60190, from Alabama-West Florida Conference

This would change the language about how General Board of Higher Education and Ministry may assist Boards of Ordained Ministry and cabinets in validating whether a proposed setting beyond the local church is appropriate for a deacon appointment. This simply removes the requirement that GBHEM prepare guidelines. (Note: guidelines are suggestions and not requirements.) It would retain the current Disciplinary requirement that the cabinet be the initiator of consultation from GBHEM.

Paragraph 351.3

Petition 60720, from Nelson-Clarke Dice, N.J.

Proposes that every year, at least one clergy person in each district be granted a “formational and spiritual growth leave of up to one year.”

Paragraph 354.2-3

Petition 60377, from General Board of Higher Education and Ministry

Would limit Transitional Leave to just one year, non-renewable.

Paragraph 357

Petition 60656, from Laura J. Barlett, Ore.

This would require that clergy on medical leave identify a charge conference relationship.

Paragraph 358.6

Petition 60502, from the Study of Ministry Commission

Would clarify that a deacon or elder could receive an appointment in retirement, when so requested by the bishop or cabinet.

Paragraph 363.1

Petition 60803, from John Lomperis

Would institute a specific complaint process and penalties for clergy who officiate a same-sex marriage ceremony (one year suspension for first time found guilty; removal of credentials for second time).

Paragraph 363.1c

Petition 60804, from Bethlehem UMC Social Action Committee

Would require a specific penalty for clergy found guilty of officiating a same-sex marriage ceremony (suspension without pay for one year).

Paragraph 350

Petition 60493, Study of Ministry Commission

Would require clergy serving congregations to engage with the district superintendent in a process of annual evaluation. Deacons appointed beyond the local church would have an annual conversation with their district superintendent about their ministry. Some of the details:

  • Personal and professional assessment would take place every eight years.
  • The process would take 6 months to complete.
  • The Cabinet, Board of Ordained Ministry, and order and fellowship chairs would design and implement the process.
  • The process would include a formal review and a renewal opportunity, like a retreat or coaching or mentoring sessions.
  • The formal review would include a self-evaluation and metrics appropriate to the appointment setting.
  • Conferences would have until Jan. 1, 2020, to develop a plan for this process.

Paragraph 351.1-6

Petition 60494, from the Study of Ministry Commission

Would require each annual conference, through the orders and fellowship, to provide spiritual enrichment opportunities and covenant groups for deacons, elders, and local pastors. Would require (rather than recommend) that clergy to take continuing education and spiritual growth leave at least one week each year and at least one month during one year of every quadrennium.

Deacons & sacramental leadership

Paragraph 328

Petition 60489, from the Study of Ministry Commission

Would permit deacons to preside at the celebration of the sacraments (baptism and Holy Communion) where “contextually appropriate and duly authorized.” Would change the authorization process to entail the bishop only and removes “a pastor-in-charge or district superintendent” from the request process. Would clarify that the bishop, and not other elders, makes appointment decisions related to deacons.

Petition 60636, West Ohio Order of Deacons (4 other similar)

This proposes that the deacon “may” administer the sacraments within the deacon’s primary or secondary appointments. It would remove the need for a bishop to authorize this on a case-by-case basis. This is similar to the limitations on local pastors for presiding over the sacraments. It would not give deacons blanket responsibility for presiding in any ministry context (as is the elders’ responsibility).

Petition 60637, from G. Williams, W.Va.

Would change the situations in which a deacon might preside over the sacraments. It would adapt the “in the absence of an elder” limitation to “within a deacon’s primary appointment or if the primary appointment is to a local church, in the absence of the elder-in-charge.” This would retain the current requirement that a pastor or district superintendent must ask the bishop to allow a deacon to preside over the sacraments. However, it would change “pastor-in-charge” to “an elder-in-charge.”

Petition 60638, from Rocky Mountain Order of Deacons

This would remove the permission-asking process for authorizing a deacon permitted to preside over the sacraments. It would retain the current limitation that the deacon “may administer the sacraments in the absence of an elder, within the deacon’s primary appointment.”

 

Again, this is merely an overview. Read the legislative proposals in full to determine your understanding of them. Discuss them with your order and your conference’s delegates to General Conference.

Victoria Rebeck is director of deacon ministry development, provisional membership, and certification programs for the United Methodist General Board of Higher Education and Ministry. This blog post represents her understanding of the topics mentioned therein and does not represent the opinions of the General Board of Higher Education and Ministry.